Conditions of the Hand
Osteoarthritis, also known as “wear and tear” arthritis, is a progressive disease of the joints
Stiffness, swelling, and pain are symptoms common to all forms of arthritis in the hand.
In osteoarthritis (OA, or “degenerative arthritis”) the cartilage layer wears out, resulting in direct contact between the bones and producing pain and deformity.
Steroid injections are commonly used to treat a variety of inflammatory conditions of the upper extremity.
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a condition brought on by increased pressure on the median nerve at the wrist.
Ulnar nerve entrapment occurs when the ulnar nerve in the arm becomes compressed or irritated.
Although carpal tunnel syndrome is common, it is not the only cause of numbness, tingling, and pain in the forearm and hand.
Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a pain condition that is constant over a long period of time that is believed to be the result of dysfunction in the central or peripheral nervous systems.
Deep cuts on the palm side of the wrist, hand, or fingers can injure the flexor tendons and nearby nerves and blood vessels.
Extensor tendons are just under the skin, directly on the bone, on the back of the hands and fingers. Because of their location, even a minor cut can easily injure them.
A mallet finger is a deformity of a finger caused when a certain tendon (the extensor tendon) is damaged. When a ball or other object strikes the tip of the finger or thumb, the force damages the thin tendon that straightens the finger.
Boutonnière deformity is the result of an injury to the tendons that straightens the middle joint of your finger.
Fractures and Sprains
Although the bones in the hand are small, a broken (fractured) finger is not a minor injury.
Fractures of the hand can occur in either the small bones of the fingers (phalanges) or the long bones (metacarpals).
A broken thumb is a serious problem. It affects the ability to grasp items. A broken thumb can increase the risk of arthritis later in life.
A stable thumb is very important for pinch and grasp activities. A thumb sprain is an injury to the main ligament in the thumb.
Other Conditions and Injuries
Dupuytren’s contracture is a thickening of the fibrous tissue layer underneath the skin of the palm and fingers. (More information about Xiaflex Injections for the treatment of Dupuytren’s)
Stenosing tenosynovitis, commonly known as “trigger finger” or “trigger thumb”, involves the pulleys and tendons in the hand that bend the fingers.
Injuries to the fingertips are common in accidents at home, work, and play. They can occur when a fingertip slams in a car door, while chopping vegetables, or even when clearing debris from a lawnmower or snowblower.
Each year millions of people in the United States are bitten by animals. Most bites occur on the fingers of the dominant hand, but animal bites can also occur about the head and neck area.
Babies born with hands that are different than the normal hand have a congenital hand difference.
Gout and pseudogout—calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease (CPPD)—are two types of crystalline arthropathies which are disease processes that cause sore joints because salt crystals have formed in the joint.
A mucous cyst is just an out pouching of the last joint of the finger (or
the distal interphalangeal joint)
Hand Therapy is a type of rehabilitation performed by an occupational or physical therapist on patients with conditions affecting the hands and upper extremities.