Conditions of the Wrist
Osteoarthritis, also known as “wear and tear” arthritis, is a progressive disease of the joints.
Although there are hundreds of kinds of arthritis, most wrist pain is caused by just two types: osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
In osteoarthritis (OA, or “degenerative arthritis”) the cartilage layer wears out, resulting in direct contact between the bones and producing pain and deformity.
Steroid injections are commonly used to treat a variety of inflammatory conditions of the upper extremity.
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a condition brought on by increased pressure on the median nerve at the wrist.
Ulnar nerve entrapment occurs when the ulnar nerve in the arm becomes compressed or irritated.
Ulnar tunnel syndrome occurs when the ulnar nerve is compressed at the wrist.
Although carpal tunnel syndrome is common, it is not the only cause of numbness, tingling, and pain in the forearm and hand.
Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a pain condition that is constant over a long period of time that is believed to be the result of dysfunction in the central or peripheral nervous systems.
Wrist Sprain and Tendonitis
Distal radius fractures are very common. In fact, the radius is the most commonly broken bone in the arm
The scaphoid is one of the small bones in the wrist. It is the wrist bone that is most likely to break. The scaphoid is located on the thumb side of the wrist, in the area where the wrist bends.
The scaphoid is vulnerable to injury, particularly when a significant load is placed through the extended wrist, such as during a fall onto an outstretched hand.
Other Wrist Conditions
Kienböck’s disease is a condition where the blood supply to one of the small bones in the wrist, the lunate, is interrupted.
Ganglion cysts are the most common mass or lump in the hand.
Gout and pseudogout—calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease (CPPD)—are two types of crystalline arthropathies which are disease processes that cause sore joints because salt crystals have formed in the joint.
An injury to the triangular fibrocartilaginous complex (TFCC) can cause chronic wrist pain.